Periodontal or gum disease is an infection that affects the gums and jaw bone, which can lead to a loss of gum and teeth. There are two major stages — gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the milder and reversible form; periodontal disease is often more severe. In some cases, gum surgery will be required to reverse the effect of the disease.
Periodontics is the branch of dentistry which deals with the structures that surround our teeth. This includes alveolar bone, cementum, gums, and periodontal ligament. Periodontal Diseases are very common as a lot of people suffer from these issues in their lifetime. All these ailments are caused due to an infection caused by bacteria. The most common periodontal disease is the Bleeding of Gums. It is the first step towards tooth loss as it can eventually lead to the falling of teeth. Their early symptoms are silent killers as you feel no pain. That’s the reason why periodontal diseases stay unnoticed most of the times.